Printed on Sat Oct 01 2022 8:31:52 AM

Success of Bangladeshi scientists, potential in pepper-garlic

Kamruzzaman Minto
National
potential in pepper-garlic
Scientists are working to spread improved varieties of pepper and garlic invented by the Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA) to farmers. In this way the variety will spread all over the country and the farmers will benefit.

In the Sutiyakhali Kashiarchar area of ​​Mymensingh Sadar, under the supervision of BINA, Binapepper-1 will be cultivated on four bighas of land this year (October, November and December) and Binagarlic-1 on five bighas of land during the winter season, the institute said.

According to the institute, the yield of this variety of pepper is much higher than the conventional variety. The salt is relatively low and fragrant and succulent. This tree is short in size and bushy. After the first pepper collection, the number of yields on the tree increases. It is large and fleshy in size.

Only 30 to 35 days after transplanting the seedlings start flowering and green chillies are available within the next 28 days. Usually 9 to 12 times raw chilli can be picked in this way.

According to scientists, Binagarlic-1 variety can produce 13 to 15 tons per hectare. Which is about one and a half times more than other varieties. The amount of garlic will be less in cooking as it is more spicy.

Besides, the efficiency of this garlic is more than the conventional variety. Garlic can be picked indoors only in 135 to 145 days after planting. The larger the size, the higher the production. The production cost of this garlic is much less and the attack of diseases, pests and insects is much less than the conventional varieties.

The inventor of these two varieties is Bina's scientist and head of the horticulture department, Dr. Rafiqul Islam told Voice TV that the Binapepper-1 variety has been extensively tested in various spice producing regions of the country. No harmful insect-spider infestation has been observed in a long period of time. However, tolerance to anthracnose, thrips and beetles has been observed in some cases. In that case, if the soil is cleaned with DD mixture or Furadon-5G before planting the seedlings, the incidence of these diseases will definitely decrease.

He added that the germplasm of the mutan line Chilid75P1 was collected in 2012 from the Chinese native variety (Landrace) as a genetic lineage. Characteristic differences are observed in the application of different levels of radiation (75 gray, 150 gray and 300 gray) to the seed in this breeding line at Cyberdorf Laboratory Vienna, Austria.

From there the fourth and fifth mutant generation Mymensingh, Ishwardi, Magura, Rangpur, Bogra, Khagrachhari and Cumilla sub-centers and farmers' fields are extensively tested and evaluated for 4 to 5 years in winter.

The pioneer mutant (ChiliD75P1) was then registered for cultivation in the winter season (mid-October to mid-April) by the National Seed Board in 2016 as a high-yielding variety without pepper. We are planning to distribute this variety to the farmers all over the country for free.

Commenting on the success of the invention of Binagarlic-1, he said that due to the scarcity of high yielding varieties, the yield of garlic was less than the demand in Bangladesh. As a result, research was started for its advanced innovation.

Three genotypes of garlic were collected from Nadia, India. The yield of AC-5 colic row is higher than other varieties cultivated in Bangladesh and after proper trial in different agro-ecological zones of the country, genotype Binagarlic-1 was registered for cultivation at farmer level in 2017 by the National Seed Board. Earlier, research on this variety was successful for three long years.

In this regard, the Director General of the Bangladesh Atomic Agriculture Research Institute. Mirza Mofazzal Islam told Voice TV that the yield of non-pepper-1 variety (green chilli) is 30 to 35 tons per hectare. The variety yields 130 to 140 percent more than the local variety.

Besides, Binagarlic-1 variety is bigger in size than other varieties. Each garlic tuber has 24 to 30 cloves. Its production cost is comparatively less and the incidence of pests and insects is much less than that of conventional varieties.

The Director General further said that after long research, it has been possible to invent these varieties. We are working to spread this variety to the farmers in every corner of the country. Cultivation of these two varieties will reduce the cost as well as benefit the farmers financially.

Voice TV/IA
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