Printed on Fri Aug 19 2022 2:16:21 PM
Top 6 architectural sites of Italy
Researchers from around the World must travel to Italy at least once because of its architecture and ancient sculptures.
Italy is one of the best-known countries for its amazing sites. Here is the list below of the top 6 architectural sites in Italy.
The Colosseum is a huge amphitheater in Italy, the largest of its kind ever built by the Roman Empire and the largest of their constructions to survive, remained a model for sports facilities right up to modern times. Built by Vespasian in 72 CE and enlarged by the addition of the fourth story by his son, Titus, it was a venue for public spectacles and shows - even mock sea battles.
A wooden floor that was 83 by 48 meters covered two additional underground stories with tunnels, rooms, cells, and passages that provided space for gladiators, workers, wild animals, and storage.
The structure stands in stark contrast to the modern development that surrounds it and is a prominent reminder of ancient times and the extensive history of Rome.
The Leaning Tower of Pisa
The Leaning Tower of Pisa also known as 'La Torre Pendente' is just one of many attractions in the city of Pisa, one whose world fame comes not from the considerable elegance of its design, but from a flaw. Work began on the tower in the 1100s, and the sinking, which led to the lean, began by the time the tower reached the third story.
Leaning more and more over the centuries, before restoration work in the 1990s, it was predicted to topple over by the year 2000. Visitors can climb up the stairs of the tower for a fabulous view of the city in Italy.
The Leaning Tower stands on the Piazza dei Miracoli, a setting it shares with the beautiful Romanesque Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta and a round freestanding baptistery. Each of these features outstanding works of medieval stone carving.
The Pantheon, an exceptionally well-preserved remnant from Roman times, reveals the incredible architectural achievements of the Roman Empire.
The precise proportions of the building, dedicated to the planetary gods, with the height equal to the diameter, and a single beam of light entering the room from the top of the dome, were intended to represent the firmament and the sun.
Disused after early Christian kings forbade the use of a pagan temple as a church, it was later consecrated by the Pope in 609 CE. Italian Kings, the Renaissance painter Raphael, and other great Italians are buried in the Pantheon.
The Roman Forum may require a little imagination – or a good tour guide – to understand exactly what this area once looked like and how it was used. However, its historical significance as the heart of the Roman Empire cannot be overstated.
Temples were built first, then public buildings, and soon the area became Rome's governmental center. Commerce followed with the building of market halls that made the Forum the hub of public life for the city, and eventually the Roman Empire.
Today, only pillars, partial structures, and foundations of former temples, market halls, courts, and public buildings pay tribute to Ancient Rome, which survived here for a thousand years.
Milan's magnificent Cathedral of Santa Maria Nascente, "Il Duomo" to the locals, is one of the world's largest churches and probably the best example anywhere of the flamboyant Gothic style in Italy Its statue-studded façade (the exterior of the cathedral has a grand total of 2,245 marble statues) and the 135 carved stone pinnacles that crown its roof make quite a first impression, which is reinforced as you step inside.
Fifty-two immense pillars support the soaring ceiling of the nave, and its walls are decorated by the world's largest stained-glass windows. Highlights in the nave are the tomb of Gian Giacomo Medici and a 12th-century bronze candelabrum.
Below the high altar are the crypt and the octagonal chapel with the gold reliquary of San Carlo Borromeo. Under Piazza del Duomo, and reached by stairs near the entrance, are the foundations of a fourth-century baptistery and basilica.
An elevator will take you partway to the roof, where you can walk at a dizzying height among the carved stone pinnacles.
Temples of Sicily
UNESCO lists this complex of ancient Greek temples as a World Heritage Site not only for the number of these remaining but for their remarkable state of preservation. Unlike most other ancient Greek settlements, the temples here have not been overlain by building in later eras, so they preserve not only the structures themselves but the landscape of the original community.
The highlight is Tempio di Concordia, one of the most perfect Doric temples surviving anywhere. Almost as
large as the Tempio di Juno Lacinia. The columns of the largest, Temple of the Olympian Zeus, were toppled by an earthquake. UNESCO cites the Valley of Temples as "among the most extraordinary representations of Doric architecture in the world."
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